The age of mass car consumption
CHINA has begun to enter the age of mass car consumption. This is a great and historic advance. So proclaimed the state-run news agency,
Xinhua, last year. Environmentalists may feel a twinge of fear at this burgeoning romance with motoring. But a rapid social and economic
transformation is under way in urban China, and the car is steering it. In 2002 demand for cars in China soared by 56%, far more than
even the rosiest projections. The next year growth quickened to 75%, before slowing in 2004 (when the government tightened rules on credit
for car purchases) to around 15%. But in a sluggish global market, China's demand remains mesmerising. Few expect this year's growth
to dip below 10%. As long as the economy goes on galloping at its current high-singledigit clip, many expect car sales to increase by
10-20% annually for several years to come. (FUVEST)
- twinge - ponta
- burgeoning - em crescimento
- steer - conduzir, dirigir
- rosiest - o mais róseo, o mais suave
- soar - elevar, subir, aumentar
- dip - mergulhar
- sluggish - vagaroso, lerdo
- mesmerising - atraente
- undergo - passar, acontecer
1. According to the passage, Xinhua
a) had proclaimed that China's car industry would boom in 2004.
b) played an important role in China's social and economic transformation.
c) reported, with pride, in 2004, the beginning of a new era for China.
d) considers the new bank lending rules to be responsible for China's mass car consumption.
e) pointed out, in 2004, that China's car industry would grow beyond expectations in the short run.
2. The passage suggests that China's embrace of the car is likely to make environmentalists
3. The passage says that the demand for cars in China
a) was extremely high both in 2003 and 2004.
b) is still quite impressive.
c) may dip below 10% this year.
d) fell by 15% when bank lending rules were tightened in 2004.
e) has been badly hit by the sluggish global market.
4. Which of these statements is true according to the passage?
a) China became a car culture in 2003 thanks to the government's industrial development policy.
b) Car sales in China are expected to increase by 10% at most as soon as the global market recovers.
c) Unless the global economy slows down, China's rate of growth will remain in high single figures.
d) The car industry has been crucial for the radical changes urban China is undergoing.
e) Despite all rosy projections, China's economic growth for the next few years may be quite slow.
Barrier to Prosperity
Despite losing a Likud Party vote on his plan to withdraw from the Gaza Strip, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon says he intends
to push ahead with the initiative. Even if successful, though, he may leave Gaza in the lurch. For several years, a British energy
company, British Gas, has been quietly drilling in the Mediterranean.
The company concluded that the Palestinians have a potential moneymaker
off the Gaza coast - a medium-size natural-gas reserve of about 30 billion cubic meters. British Gas reps argue that the Palestinian
Authority would earn about $50 million a year from the project and save an additional $30 million annually in energy costs. That kind
of money - if it doesn´t go to Yassir Arafat´s cronies - could greatly help the overcrowded, poverty-stricken sliver of land get on its feet.
Enter Sharon: British Gas will invest the required $350 million needed to construct a pipeline only if can market the gas to Israel,
and the PM fears the money Israel would pay Palestinians for their resource (Israel plans to convert nearly all its power stations
to natural gas over the next 20 years) would end up financing terrorist attacks against the Jewish state. Instead, Sharon is leaning toward
importing gas from Egypt. Without an agreement, Gaza´s gas will stay untapped. (FATEC)
- in the lurch - com dificuldades
- drilling - perfurando
- despite - apesar
- cronies - amigos
- sliver - pedaço
- get on its feet - se levantar
- resource - recurso
- instead - ao invés
- untapped - não explorado
5. De acordo com o segmento - Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon says he intends to push ahead with the initiative. - o Primeiro
Ministro de Israel, Ariel Sharon
a) pretende avançar com a iniciativa.
b) pretende pensar sobre a iniciativa.
c) pretende enfrentar a iniciativa.
d) entende como tratar com a iniciativa.
e) entende como puxar idéias para a iniciativa.
6. Segundo o trecho - Even if successful, though, he may leave Gaza in the lurch. - o Primeiro Ministro ainda afirma que, mesmo se
a) malsucedido, ele pode deixar Gaza em apuros.
b) bem-sucedido, ele pode deixar Gaza em apuros.
c) bem-sucedido, ele pode abandonar Gaza em paz.
d) malsucedido, ele pode deixar Gaza em paz.
e) malsucedido, ele pode abandonar Gaza em apuros.
Youth and the elders
People are always talking about the problem of youth. If there is a problem, it is created by older people, not the young themselves.
If we think about basic things we will agree that, after all, the young are human beings, and that they are not different from their
elders. There is only one difference between an old man and a young one: the young man has a glorious future before him, and the old
man has a splendid future behind him.
Perhaps that is where the rub is. When I was a teenager, I felt
that I was young and uncertain; that I was a new boy in a huge school; and that it would have pleased me if I were considered a problem.
Being a problem gives you a certain identity, which is exactly one of the things that the young are seeking.
- youth - juventude
- agree - concordar
- elders - os mais velhos
- perhaps - talvez
- rub - rixa
- huge - imensa
- teenager - adolescente
- please - agradar
- seeking - procurando
7. Choose the correct alternative. O autor do texto:
a) é um adolescente.
b) é um senhor de meia idade.
c) preocupa-se com os problemas da juventude do século xx.
d) acha que as pessoas mais velhas criam os problemas da juventude.
e) é uma mulher.
8. De acordo com o texto:
a) há diversas diferenças entre um jovem e um velho.
b) o jovem quase nunca tem um futuro brilhante pela frente.
c) o velho, às vezes, tem um futuro brilhante atrás de si.
d) o texto aborda o prsoblema dos desempregados.
e) há uma única distinção entre um jovem e um velho.