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Teste do sistema 003

Dream on, America
THE U.S. MODEL: For years, much of the world did aspire to the American way of life. But today countries. are finding more appealing systems in their own backyards. by Andrew Moravcsik

Not long ago, the american dream was a global fantasy. Not only Americans saw themselves as a beacon unto nations. So did much of the world. (...)

You had only to listen to George W. Bush's Inaugural Address last week (invoking freedom and liberty 49 times) to appreciate just how deeply Americans still believe in this founding myth. For many in the world, the president's rhetoric confirmed their worst fears of an imperial America relentlessly pursuing its narrow national interests. But the greater danger may be a delusional America - one that believes, despite all evidence to the contrary, that the American Dream lives on, that America remains a model for the world, one whose mission is to spread the word.

The gulf between how Americans view themselves and how the world views them was summed up in a poll last week by the BBC. Fully 71 percent of Americans see the United States as a source of good in the world. More than half view Bush's election as positive for global security. Other studies report that 70 percent have faith in their domestic institutions and nearly 80 percent believe American ideas and customs should spread globally.

Foreigners take an entirely different view: 58 percent in the BBC poll see Bush's re-election as a threat to worldpeace. Among America's traditional allies, the figure is strikingly higher: 77 percent in Germany, 64 percent in Britain and 82 percent in Turkey. Among the 1.3 billion members of the Islamic world, public support for the United States is measured in single digits. Only Poland, the Philippines and India viewed, Bush's second Inaugural positively.

Tellingly, the anti-Bushism of the president's first term is giving way to a more general anti Americanism. A plurality of voters (the average is 70 percent) in each of the 21 countries surveyed by the BBC oppose sending any troops to Iraq, including those in most of the countries that have done so. Only one third, disproportionately in the poorest and most dictatorial countries, would like to see American values spread in their country. Says Doug Miller of GlobeScan, which conducted the BBC report: President Bush has further isolated America from the world. Unless the administration changes its approach, it will continue to erode America's good name, and hence its ability to effectively influence world affairs. (...)

The truth is that Americans are living in a dream world. Not only do others not share America's self regard, they no longer aspire to emulate the country's social and economic achievements. The loss of faith in the American Dream goes beyond this swaggering administration and its war in Iraq. A President Kerry............................(16)..................... similar disaffection, for it grows from the success of something America holds dear: the spread of democracy, free markets and international institutions - globalization, in a word.

Countries today have dozens of political, economic and social models to choose from. Anti Americanism is especially virulent in Europe and Latin America, where countries have established their own distinctive ways - none made in America. Futurologist Jeremy Rifkin, in his recent book The European Dream, hails an emerging European Union based on generous social welfare, cultural diversity and respect for international law - a model that's caught on quickly across the former nations of Eastern Europe and the Baltics. In Asia, the rise of autocratic capitalism in China or Singapore is as much a model for development as America's scandal-ridden corporate culture. (...)

Many are tempted to write off the new anti-Americanism as a temporary perturbation, or mere resentment.

Blinded by its own myth, America has grown incapable of recognizing its flaws. For there is much about the American . Dream to fault. If the rest of the world has lost faith in the American model - political, economic, diplomatic - it's partly for the very good reason that it doesn't work as well anymore.

Moravcsik teaches politics and directs the European Union Program at Princeton University.

Newsweek, January 31, 2005 Páginas 17-19 - ITA

Vocabulary

  • beacon - luz, farol
  • founding - fundação, início
  • relentlessly - intensamente
  • spread - espalhar, difundir
  • threat - ameaça
  • summed up - resumido
  • erode - desgastar-se
  • hence - portanto, consequentemente
  • tellingly - impressionantemente
  • flaws - falhas
  • share - compartilhar
  • self-regard - amor próprio

1. Considere as afirmações:

I. O texto faz referência ao discurso de posse do presidente Americano George W. Bush.
II. No mundo islâmico em geral, a aprovação às políticas americanas não chega a 10%.
III. A maioria dos americanos empenha-se para que os Estados Unidos continuem sendo um modelo para o resto do mundo.

1. Então, está(ão) de acordo com o texto

a) as afirmações I e II.
b) as afirmações I e III.
c) apenas a afirmação I.
d) apenas a afirmação II.
e) todas as afirmações.

2. A palavra term em Tellingly, the anti-Bushism of the president's first term is giving way to a more general anti Americanism. (parágrafo 5) quer dizer

a) eleição
b) termo
c) discurso
d) mandato
e) programa de governo

3. A frase countries that have done so, em including those in most of the countries that have done so. (parágrafo 5) faz referência a

a) countries that have sent troops.
b) countries that have supported Bush's policy.
c) countries that have been surveyed.
d) countries that have opposed sending troops.
e) one third of the 21 countries surveyed by BBC.

4. Assinale a opção que contém a idéia principal do texto.

a)O surgimento da União Européia e do capitalismo autocrático da China e de Singapura como modelos alternativos ao modelo americano.
b)O rechaço ao chamado American Dream.
c)A opinião que os americanos têm de si e que só encontra eco em países pobres e ditatoriais.
d)A perda da fé no modelo americano.
e)A crença que os americanos mantêm no chamado American Dream.

The Parthenon
The Parthenon, one of the monuments erected on the sacred rock of Acropolis, is the major attraction for visitors to the modern city of Athens. It was built between 447 and 438 B.C. as the holy sanctuary of the goddess Athena. A good portion of the Parthenon is still standing, having withstood centuries of such catasthrophes as earthquakes and bombardments by foreign invaders. However, this monument of classical perfection is being slowly eaten away by man's modern catastrophe, pollution. More damage has been done to the Parthenon in the past 50 years than in all the 2,000 years preceding them. While parts have been restored, plans are presently being discussed to remove the temple permanently from its ancient site and place it in a museum.

Although the Parthenon is still being visited and admired by thousands of people each year, the question now being asked is for how long? Source: EKSTUT, S.;Miller, T. Interlink. New York: Prentice Hall, 1987 PUC - PR

Vocabulary

  • standing - de pé
  • withstood - resistido

5. According to the text, Athena was:

a) a holy sanctuary
b) rebuilt between 447 and 438 B.C.
c) erected on a rock
d) the first name for Athens
e) a goddess

6. According to the text, the Parthenon has been damaged by ________.

a) foreign invaders
b) earthquakes
c) men
d) catastrophes, bombardments and pollution
e) museums

7. There are plans for the Parthenon, I mean, to ________.

a) restore it in its ancient site
b) rebuild it
c) remove it to a museum
d) visit it every year
e) discuss it

8. More damage has been caused _______.

a) along the time
b) in 2.000 years
c) in the past fifty years
d) within the centuries
e) because of earthquakes

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